Dislocation means when a bone is dislocated from its joint. That is dislocation of joint surfaces relative to one another. The most often dislocated joint is the shoulder joint, the elbow, the knee, the hip joints and others. At the moment of dislocation you feel a strong pain; later it can become tolerable. Sometimes all the limb hurts and tingles depending on the dislocation and the pressure on the nerves. Sometimes dislocation can be mistaken for breaking or sprain. Therefore, first of all, the limb should be examined carefully, clothing should be removed and you should compare it with the healthy limb. When the joint is not swollen, dislocation can be easily recognized. The dislocated limb is in a crooked position, it is longer or shorter. The shape of the joint is changed, and you can see a dent or protrusion in places where there are no such changes in the healthy limb. To move the joint is difficult or impossible. If you do not locate the joint on time, after some time aging dislocation can develop, and the consequence can be another dislocation which will happen much easier.
Treatment is effected by a doctor orthopedist. The joint should be kept in a fit position, preferably under anesthesia.
Healers pay a serious attention to dislocation and have created a lot of techniques to fit the dislocated joints. There are many experts who know how to place bones in their place.
At present in Bulgaria medical aid is very well organized and dislocation should be repaired by a doctor orthopedist.
How you should administer First aid.
In mild cases you act as with sprain. In more serious cases the dislocated joint should be fixed by a surgeon. Immediately after that the joint should be bathed in hot water (40-42°С for 20-50 minutes). It is best to put a handful of sea salt in the water to relieve the pains. After the second hot bath put a compress with Rakia on the joint, wrap it in paper and put some woolen material on the paper. If the injured limb does not hurt when it does not move, that means that the joint was located properly. If not, the joint should be fixed again.
You can also put a milk compress with warm cottage cheese or fresh sheepskin or lambskin from the head of the animal, well salted with hot paprika.
You can also make a compress with warm poultice of boiled onions with salt and sugar. Boil two onions, finely cut with 1 table spoonful of salt and 1 table spoonful of sugar until it becomes a poultice. You can also use as a poultice okra with milk and sugar, boiled rice with leak, leaves of parsley, Melissa (Melissa officinalis), hairy rupturewort (Herniaria hirsute), and hop cones, or a steam compress with a little bag full of tolerably hot boiled barley. The compresses should be on for 24 hours, only the poultices and the steam compress are changed so that they are always warm.
After 24 hours or in the morning and in the evening, put the injured limb in hot water (40-42°С for 20-30 minutes). It is best with a decoction of hayseed, walnut leaves and sea salt, or of bran. Then make a light massage with pure olive oil. Massage in the direction of the heart and after the massage wrap the injured limb with paper and put on woolen socks. Better than that is a bag of warm rural grain sourdough sprinkled with sugar. The compress should cover the joint about eight cm: 4 cm up and 4 cm down the joint. Fasten it to a splint. After the bath if the swelling has decreased, stick oil-cloth to the dislocated or cracked bone.
How to prepare an ointment for dislocated joint or broken bone
Take 1 tea spoonful of crushed pure white incense and mastic, 2 tea spoonfuls of powdered sugar, one fresh egg, and 2-4 table spoonfuls of white flour and 40 g of Rakia. Mix it to receive a white ointment. Put from it on percale cloth and stick it to the injured joint. Put over some thick paper and bind it with a woolen cloth. The compress should be left on the joint for 3-4 days. At the same time, during the day, put one or two compresses with cool water on the belly; keep them for 2-3 hours. In the evening make another compress and keep it on all night. If you have to travel, put splints round the dislocated joint. Dislocation cannot be cured by itself. The dislocated part should be put in place at once – the sooner, the better. After that you begin the treatment as it is shown above. In order to achieve faster healing, hot baths should be made every evening before you go to bed. Apply one of the poultices described above or make a poultice with leaven and sugar. Do not forget the belly compress. Make it with cool decoction of hayseed or only with cool water. Keep it on all night.
During the day you can put oilcloth on the dislocated joint.